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Margaret Leonard / Long Collection

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

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Margaret Leonard / Long Collection | Valdosta State University Archives and Special Collections

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Collection Overview

Title: Margaret Leonard / Long CollectionAdd to your cart.

ID: MS/126

Primary Creator: Margaret Leonard

Extent: 8.0 Boxes

Subjects: Civil Rights--United States, Committee of Racial Equality, CORE, desegregation, Freedom Rides, 1961, integration, journalism, Look Magazine, Macon, Georgia, Macon Telegraph, Margaret Leonard, Margaret Long, segregation, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.), United Negro College Fund, Women's Liberation

Abstract

Margaret (Sissy) Leonard and her family have a long tradition of jounalism and activism during the twentieth century. This tradition began with her grandfather, George Long, who relentlessly attacked the Ku Klux Klan in his editorials at the Macon Telegraph in the early 1900's. Her mother Margaret Long, a progressive journalist, worked at various southern newspapers while writing two published novels and raising two children (mostly alone) at a time when female journalists were a rarity. Margaret Long wrote about and corresponded with many of the important people involved with both sides of the civil rights and women's liberation movements.

Margaret Leonard, while pursuing her own jounalism career,  began her activism in the civil rights movement while attending college in New Orleans. She participated in local sit-ins and  the Mississippi Freedom Rides of 1961 during which she was arrested and jailed. She is characterized as the "first unmistakably Southern white student to participate in the Mississippi Freedom Rides" by Raymond Arsenault in his book Freedom Riders. Her activism was detailed in Look magazine and served as an inspiration for participants that followed. Leonard is now retired after working for several newspapers including the Chattanooga Times, St. Petersburg Times, Miami Herald, and Tallahassee Democrat.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

Margaret (Sissy) Leonard and her family have a long tradition of jounalism and activism during the twentieth century. This tradition began with her grandfather, George Long, who relentlessly attacked the Ku Klux Klan in his editorials at the Macon Telegraph in the early 1900's. Her mother Margaret Long, a progressive journalist, worked at various southern newspapers while writing two published novels and raising two children (mostly alone) at a time when female journalists were a rarity. Margaret Long wrote about and corresponded with many of the important people involved with both sides of the civil rights and women's liberation movements.

Margaret Leonard, while pursuing her own jounalism career,  began her activism in the civil rights movement while attending college in New Orleans. She participated in local sit-ins and  the Mississippi Freedom Rides of 1961 during which she was arrested and jailed. She is characterized as the "first unmistakably Southern white student to participate in the Mississippi Freedom Rides" by Raymond Arsenault in his book Freedom Riders. Her activism was detailed in Look magazine and served as an inspiration for participants that followed. Leonard is now retired after working for several newspapers including the Chattanooga Times, St. Petersburg Times, Miami Herald, and Tallahassee Democrat.

The collection documents the personal and professional lives of  Margaret (Sissy) Leonard, her mother Margaret Long, her father Howard Leonard (also a jounalist), and her sister Catherine (Bunny). Included are personal letters and notes, official correspondence, maunuscripts and newspaper or magazine articles written about or by the family members. Coverage is from the early 1900's through the 1980's, but is cenetered around 1950's- 1970's. The collection covers some national events, but is concentrated on the South. Subjects include the civil rights movement, the women's liberation movement, the Freedom Rides, sit-ins, SNCC (Sudent Nonviolent Coordinating Committe, CORE (Congress of Racial Equality), UNCF (United Negro College Fund), the Charleston Hospital Strike, southern union politics, prison conditions and the Albany Movement. The personal correspondence chronicles the experiences of the family. Struggles with alcoholism, divorce, single motherhood, finances and discrimination are revealed in  sometimes intimate details. The collection is not all encompassing as many items are incomplete or damaged, but  it documents the many subjects from a personal and jounalistic perspective.

Collection Historical Note

This collection was donated by Margaret Long

Subject/Index Terms

Civil Rights--United States
Committee of Racial Equality, CORE
desegregation
Freedom Rides, 1961
integration
journalism
Look Magazine
Macon, Georgia
Macon Telegraph
Margaret Leonard
Margaret Long
segregation
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)
United Negro College Fund
Women's Liberation

Administrative Information

Repository: Valdosta State University Archives and Special Collections

Acquisition Source: Margaret Leonard

Acquisition Method: gift


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1],
[Box 2],
[Box 3],
[Box 4],
[Box 5],
[Box 6],
[Box 7],
[Box 8],
[All]

Box 2Add to your cart.
Names: #1 in folder Bunny, Margaret, Howard #2 in folder Article by Margaret
Folder 1: Articles written (Macon), June 1924 - 1960Add to your cart.
Articles and clippings
Other Information: Coveraege of Camp Joy Cliff, and goings on, article on Governor Vandiver.
Physical Description: Old tattered, ripped and worn
Processing Information: organized, acid-free paper placed in between each article
Folder 2: Articles written (ATL Journal), 1950s-1960sAdd to your cart.
Articles written by Margaret Long
Names: Margaret Leonard
Other Information: Articles written by Margaret Leonard in the Atlanta Journal Constitution.
Folder 3: Undated - Women's Liberation, 1960sAdd to your cart.
short draft
Names: Martha Atkins
Other Information: A short draft about the women's Liberation movement.
Physical Description: fair - dmage at the top of the page
Processing Information: none
Folder 4: Women's Liberation, 1970sAdd to your cart.
Drafts; new letter, article, list of demands
Names: Margaret Long
Other Information: A collection of drafts pertaining to the women's liberation movement in the south. Also included is an article and a newsletter
Physical Description: fair - some damage at top
Processing Information: separate works attmepted to put them in order
Folder 5: Women's Liberation IIIAdd to your cart.
drafts/newspaper
Names: Finley Cambell, Bob Anderson, Marge Manderson, Howard Zinn
Other Information: A collection of drafts tht cover her struggle with depression while working for New South magazine. A draft on the women's Liberation movement 2 random pages from what looks like her sutobiography a news paper called Civil Liberties and paper that discuss
Physical Description: fair - damage to some of the pages which are very fragile
Processing Information: seperation of works based on topic and the really fragil pages placed in between two pages
Folder 6: Outline on Atlanta, 10-Jan-61Add to your cart.
outline/excerpts from a letter
Names: Marvin Rich, Lillian Smith, Bill Arthur, George Leonard, Margaret Long/Sissy; Mrs. Leonard, Cal Bernstein, Lester Maddox, Ernest Vandiver, Roosevelt William Hartsfield, Ralph McGill, MLK Jr., Lonnie King, Bob Hellerm
Other Information: An outline that covers a piece on Atlanta and integration during the early 1960s and an excerpt from a letter by M.LL. That details the push for integration and whos important.
Physical Description: outline is fragile (fair)/ excerpts from the letter is in very good condition
Processing Information: put the outline in between two pieces of paper and securred it with paper clips
Folder 7: 36 page Article on Intergration 1961, 1961, Aug 13Add to your cart.
Article draft
Names: sara mitchell, celestine sibley, robert woodruff, mayor hartsfield, ivan allen
Other Information: 36  page article covering the isues surrounding the integration of Atlanta schools, also a draft on Sara Mitchell and a random paper.
Physical Description: good-minor damage on a few pages
Processing Information: none
Folder 8: Lillian Smith, 18-Feb-50Add to your cart.
Report from Lillian Smith on Killers of the Dream
Names: Lillian Smith, Ralph McGill, Jack Tarver, Joshua Logan
Other Information: A copy of a report by Lillian Smith
Physical Description: Fair, some staining
Processing Information: Acid-free paper placed between
Folder 9: Fletcher Knebel, May 3 1984- July 30 1986Add to your cart.
Items from Fletcher Knebel
Names: Fletcher Knebel
Other Information: Letters from her friend, Fletcher Knebel. He mentions her in a short autobiography on page 170.
Physical Description: Great condition
Folder 10: New York Times Articles, 10-Nov-63Add to your cart.
Newspaper clipping
Notes: Margaret Long
Physical Description: Fair, some discoloration
Folder 11: Women's Liberation II, 1960'sAdd to your cart.
drafts/Articles
Names: Margaret Long, Liilian Smith, Casey Hayden, Virginia Collins, Martha Atkins, Hilary Longhurst, Jean Lafferty, Dana Densmore, Evelyn Reed
Other Information: Drafts that cover the early years of the Women's Liberation movement.
Physical Description: `fair
Folder 12: Miscellaneous Newspaper Articles, UndatedAdd to your cart.
Newspaper clippings
Notes: Jessica Milford, Hosea Williams, Herman Talmadge
Other Information: Varios newspaper clippings probably written by Magaret Long
Physical Description: Most taped to paper and one encapsulated clipping
Folder 13: MLL (Mother) Magazine Articles (Atlanta), Early 1960sAdd to your cart.
Magazine articles possibly from "Progressive"
Names: Margaret Long
Other Information: Op/ed Articles
Physical Description: Pages crumbling
Processing Information: Copied, sleeve
Folder 14: Political, Social, cultural critique, No datesAdd to your cart.
Op-ed drafts
Names: General Mosubu, Mr. Rosvubu, Mr. Lester, Maddox, President Ivan Allen, President Ivan Allen, President Joe Ross of Davison's, Frank Buchman, Lummuba, Prime Minister Kishi, Dr.Sbinden, Major Hejne, Gov. Earnest Vandiver`
Other Information: Small collection of political, social & cultural critiques.
Physical Description: Fair
Processing Information: Have been paper clipped, acid free paper placed between papers Some articles have been photocopied.
Folder 15: Richmond Times - Dispatch, Aug 7, 1936 #1 Oct 2, 1938Add to your cart.
Articles from 1930s
Names: #1 in folder Bunny, Margaret, Howard #2 in folder Article by Margaret
Other Information: Needs to be moved into another file
Physical Description: Newspaper from condition
Processing Information: Made copies
Folder 16: Bio piece: Lillian Smith, Feb-65Add to your cart.
Magazine Article (The Progressive)
Names: Margaret Long, Lillian Smith
Other Information: Biography of Lillian Smith
Folder 17: End to segregation, 1959Add to your cart.
Newspaper clipping
Names: Morris Abram, Martin Luther King, Jr, Lonnie King
Other Information: Newspaper clipping
Physical Description: Fair
Processing Information: Copies
Folder 18: Article about Margaret Long from Atlanta magazine, Jan-68Add to your cart.
Article
Names: Margaret Long
Other Information: Article celebrating working women
Folder 19: Papers from the 1970s and 1980s, 1971, 1983Add to your cart.
Names: Margaret Long
Physical Description: Good
Folder 20: Miscellaneous Papers, No dateAdd to your cart.
Bios
Names: Virginia Maddox, Mae West
Other Information: Biography of Virginia Maddox, Article about mae West, Tablet with handwritten notes
Physical Description: Fair
Processing Information: None
Folder 21: Charleston SC Hospital Strike, May (29) 1969Add to your cart.
Article on Charleston SC Hospital
Names: Bernard Layfayette, Dr. Roland Smith (SCLC), Ralph Abernathy, Andrew Young, Mrs. Martin Luther King, Jr., Mary Moultrie, Dr. William McCord, Gov. W.E. McNair, Walter Reuther, Chief John Convoy
Other Information: pages 1-4, observation, event description. Maggie Long. Pages 1-10, description of events. Pages 1-20, description of events.Narrative of events Charleston Hospital Strike. Program from first night rally. 4 pages.
Physical Description: Good. Incomplete parts. Includes one section with pages 1, 3,5, 27
Processing Information: None
Folder 22: Op-ed 2, Early 1960's, Grouped  drafts & articles labled #2 1968-1959 (op-ed pieces)Add to your cart.
Newspaper drafts  & articles
Names: Lonnie King, Dr. martin Luther King, Sen. Herman Talmadge, Rep. James C. Davis, Gov. Earnest Vandiver,Aaron Henry, Louis Holmes, Vice President Nixon, Kennedy, Mr. Woodruff,
Other Information: Segregation, freedom fighters, love, suffering, schools, religion, education, Animal Crusaders, integration, November Freedom,  University of Georgia, J.E. Hoover, death penalty, Gov. Hartsfield, slave-owning, agitators, death penalty, Klansmen
Physical Description: Fair, appears to be some stains on some pages, small water damage to some edges.
Processing Information: Removed mold, changed folders.
Folder 23: Op-ed Pieces 1Add to your cart.
drafts
Names: Betty Graham, George Goldman
Other Information: A random collection of op-ed drafts that cover topics/events like the women's Lib/civil rights movement, her time at an advertising firm and the neatness of her desk
Physical Description: fair - a little damage at the top
Processing Information: seperated them into subjects and attempted to put them in order
Folder 24: Coretta King, No dateAdd to your cart.
Book manuscript
Names: Coretta Scott,MLK Jr.,Mrs. Arthur Bagley, Andrew Young, Lillian Smith , Bernita Bennett, Mrs. Isaac Farris, Gov. Robert E. McNair, Ralph Abernathy, Al Sampson, Xerona Clayton, Mrs. Clifford Durr, Julian Bond, Rev. Bernard Lee; Dexter, Bernice & Yolanda
Other Information: This folder is an early manuscript about Coretta Scott King. It details some of her life before and after King' death. There is a focus on who would lead the SCLC after King's death.
Physical Description: Minor water damage; condition is good
Processing Information: Paper clip; new folder, mold damge removed
Folder 25: UNCF (United Negro College Fund), No date, possibly 1969 or 1970 from context pg. 2Add to your cart.
Manuscript #1
Other Information: This folder includes a "letter" manuscript detailing information on reasons to support UNCF and examples of financial advanatges.
Physical Description: Good condition, no mold or water damage
Processing Information: Paper clipped, new folder.
Folder 26: New South,  June 1963, Jun-63Add to your cart.
Photocopied article "Strictly Subjective" & "Albany, Failure or First Step?"
Names: Margaret Long, Wyatt H. Tee Walker, James Baldwin
Other Information: Margaret Long's "Strictly Subjective" and Wyatt Tee Walker's "Albany, Failure or First Step?" Margaret Long's article on African American suffering and misplaced anger. Mr. Walker's article is on the Albany uprising in GA and its suppression by White poli
Physical Description: Fair. Photocopy includes pg 2-8, 14 & 15
Processing Information: None
Folder 27: Margaret MitchellAdd to your cart.
op-ed piece
Notes: Margaret Mitchell, Ms. Myrick, Ms. Vandiver
Other Information: Op-ed
Physical Description: tearing, complete?
Folder 28: Article drafts Maggie LongAdd to your cart.
Other Information: A collection of article drafts that cover a broad range of topics such as the NAACP's attempt to censor literature they deem inappropriate to children, to sexism in the work place
Physical Description: good
Processing Information: none
Folder 29: Lasker Civil Liberties Award, January 6, 1961 - ?Add to your cart.
Other Information: Articles of Margaret Long being the vecipient of the Lasker civil liberities award worth 1,000.
Physical Description: mostly good, some are torn and tattered
Folder 30: MLL Autobiography SortedAdd to your cart.
Folder 31: Obits for Margaret Long, 21-Jan-89Add to your cart.
Newspaper clippings & sections
Other Information: Obituaries from NY Times, ATL Constitution, Macon Telegraph
Folder 32: West Georgia College, 1936- West Georgia College accrediation/ Father dies 1912/ 1920 Principal AAdd to your cart.
#1 in folder West Georgia - Biography of Irvine S. Ingram
Names: Mark Etheridge, Julius Rosenwald, Robert M. Strozier, L. E. Roberts, J.C. Bonner, Ralph McGill, Gene Talamadge, Richard Martin.
Other Information: Biography of Irvine S. Ingram, his childhood up to him becoming president of the fourth district A & M school.
Physical Description: Fire damage, some of the pages are very fragile, coffee stains
Processing Information: Changed folder, got rid of rusty paper clips, scraped some mold
Folder 33: Ingram Biography, WWI era, 1920, 1934-1940, WWII era, 1957Add to your cart.
Copies and notes for Ingram biography
Names: West Georgia College, Talamedge
Other Information: Interview notes/manuscript for Dr. Ingram's biography
Physical Description: Fair, mold on some pages
Processing Information: None
Folder 34: A Georgia Woman Sees an End to Segrgation, 25-Apr-61Add to your cart.
Magazine article
Other Information: Look Magazine article by Margaret Long
Physical Description: Fair
Processing Information: copies

Browse by Box:

[Box 1],
[Box 2],
[Box 3],
[Box 4],
[Box 5],
[Box 6],
[Box 7],
[Box 8],
[All]


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