Lowndes County Georgia

 

List of Emigrants to Arthington, Liberia

 

 

 

 

By

 

Eric Dewayne Jackson

Copyright 2003

 

 


 

One hundred and twelve Black men, women, and children emigrated from Lowndes County Georgia to Liberia in 1871 and 1872, just 7 years after the Civil War. These were families of farmers, craftsmen, and laborers who left Lowndes County looking for a better life, one free of terrorism and racism. When the Union Army withdrew from the region during Reconstruction, the civil unrest was so bad that on June 30, 1869 a local citizen made a jaded plea for help in the South Georgia Times (The Valdosta Time’s Predecessor). ” The person stated, “Dead (explicative)s! In this and neighboring counties. The land is literally strewn with deceased colored gentlemen. Every log has one behind it, ‘clay root’ conceals some half dozen, every gopher hole is trying to swallow; and has one half way down, every frog pond contains one or more… we need the military. These Ku Klux outrages must be stopped until the crop is gathered.”

 

The first group of 63 emigrants was headed by Jefferson Bracewell, a farmer and carpenter who was cited in the 1870 Census as having $6,000 of personal property. Aaron Miller, a farmer that owned 450 acres of land in what is now known as Hahira, Ga., led a second group of 59 people. The two groups settled in Arthington, Liberia. Liberia was founded by the American Colonization Society and former American slaves in 1822.

 

The Lowndes County settlers in Liberia prospered for a while then fell upon hard times. Many like Jefferson Bracewell and nearly his entire family died from Malaria while others were killed in conflicts with the local population. Aaron Miller was also one of the ones who died a few years after their arrival. Other settlements met similar fates. However, as the years passed some of these emigrants saw their dreams and ambitions fulfilled. Today descendants of former American slaves only make up 5% of the Liberian population.

 

 

 

 

[This document was made possible through the help of Renate Kraus Milner of the Lowndes County Historical Society, Dr. Crowley, Professor of History, Valdosta State University, and last and foremost. Mark David Howard, who wrote a Valdosta State University Masters Thesis titled African Departure: a History of the Liberian Emigrant from Georgia in the Reconstruction era.]
Lowndes County Georgia

List of Emigrants for Liberia

By Barque Edith Rose, From Hampton Roads, Virginia, November 7, 1871

 

No.

Name

Age

Occupation

Educat’n

Religion

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Jefferson Bracewell

47

Carpenter

Read & Write

 

2

Rhoda Bracewell

40

 

 

Baptist

3

Joseph Bracewell

19

 

Read

 

4

Isaac Bracewell

18

 

Read

 

5.

Littleton Bracewell

16

 

Read

 

6.

Scinthea Bracewell

14

 

Read

 

7.

John Bracewell

13

 

 

 

8.

Dennis Bracewell

11

 

 

 

9.

Nathaniel Bracewell

10

 

 

 

10.

Joshua Bracewell

5

 

 

 

11

Sarah Bracewell

2

 

 

 

12.

Virginia Bracewell

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13

Jefferson Bracewell, Jr.

21

Farmer

Read & Write

 

14.

Emily Bracewell

16

 

 

 

15.

Henry Bracewell

2

 

 

 

16.

Phyllis Bracewell

6mos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

Toby Washington

24

Farmer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18.

Laura Lane

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19.

Eli Ponder

22

Farmer

Read &Write

 

20.

Grace Ponder

20

 

 

 

21.

Isaiah Ponder

2

 

 

 

22.

Levi Ponder

1

 

 

 

23.

Nancy Ponder

50

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

24.

William Dickerson

45

Farmer

 

 

25.

Catherine Dickerson

42

 

 

Baptist

26.

Polly Dickerson

21

 

 

 

27.

Frances Dickerson

17

 

 

 

28.

Sara Dickerson

16

 

 

 

29.

Grace Dickerson

14

 

 

 

30.

William Dickerson, Jr.

10

 

 

 

31.

Lewis Dickerson

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

32.

Andrew Turkett

38

Farmer

 

Baptist

33.

Edith Turkett

40

 

 

Baptist

34.

Mary Turkett

15

 

 

 

35.

Annice Turkett

11

 

 

 

36.

Moses Turkett

8

 

 

 

37.

Cornelia Turkett

6mos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* continued next page *

 

 

Lowndes County Georgia

List of Emigrants for Liberia

By Barque Edith Rose, From Hampton Roads, Virginia, November 7, 1871

 

No.

Name

Age

Occupation

Educat’n

Religion

 

 

 

 

 

 

38.

James Robertson

21?

Farmer

Read & Write

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

39.

Henry Jones

38

Farmer

 

Baptist

40.

Martha Jones

28

 

Read

Baptist

41.

Jefferson Jones

7

 

 

 

42.

Henry Jones

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

43.

Lewis Hart

24

Farmer

Read & Write

Baptist

44.

Judy Hart

30

 

 

Baptist

45.

Laura Yerby

14

 

 

 

46.

Lawson Yerby

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

47.

Caeser White

34

Farmer

Read & Write

Baptist

48.

Elizabeth White

38

 

 

Baptist

49.

Katie White

12

 

 

 

50.

Isaac White

11

 

Read

 

51.

Jonas White

9

 

Read

 

52.

Mary White

8

 

Read

 

53.

Frances White

6

 

 

 

54.

Ann White

4

 

 

 

55.

Wesley White

2

 

 

 

56.

Simmie White

6mos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

57.

Hood Kershaw

40

Farmer

 

Baptist

58.

Mary Kershaw

25

 

 

Baptist

59.

Reuben Kershaw

15

 

 

 

60.

Lewanna Kershaw

10

 

Read

 

61.

Charlotte Kershaw

8

 

 

 

62.

John Kershaw

5

 

 

 

63.

James Kershaw

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Edith Rose, Captained by A. Alexander sailed from Hampton, Virginia on Tuesday, November 7, 1871 direct for Monrovia, Liberia. The Emigrants settled in the Liberian town of Arthington.

 

 

Source: The African Repository: Vol. XLVII. December, 1871 (No. 12) pg.353-356

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lowndes County Georgia

List of Emigrants for Liberia

By Barque Jasper, From New York, November 21, 1872

 

No.

Name

Age

Occupation

Religion

 

 

 

 

 

1

Aaron Miller

40

Farmer

Methodist

2

Henrietta Miller

39

 

Methodist

3

Samuel Miller

13

 

 

4

Rachel Miller

12

 

 

5.

Sophia Miller

11

 

 

6.

Alonzo Miller

10

 

 

7.

Jacob Miller

6

 

 

8.

Henrietta Miller, Jr

4

 

 

9.

Sarah F. Miller

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.

James De Lyon

22

Farmer

Methodist

11.

Robert De Lyon

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12.

Harriet Miller

28

 

Methodist

 

 

 

 

 

13.

Alfred Inman

16

 

 

14.

Robert Inman

12

 

 

15.

Lizzie Miller

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

16.

Jeremiah Horne

24

Farmer

Methodist

17.

Fereby Horne

19

 

Methodist

18.

Celida Anne Horne

3

 

 

19.

Joseph Horne

2

 

 

20.

Hannah Horne

6mos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

21.

Anderson Obey

37

Farmer

 

22.

Susan Obey

35

 

Baptist

23.

Clarissa Obey

13

 

 

24.

Wallace Obey

11

 

 

25.

Julia Obey

7

 

 

26.

Peggie Obey

6

 

 

27.

George Obey

2

 

 

28.

Martha Obey

2mos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

29.

London Wright

43

Farmer

Methodist

30.

Hannah Wright

35

 

Methodist

31.

Mary Wright

12

 

 

32.

Charlotte Wright

11

 

 

33.

Louis Wright

8

 

 

34.

Margaret Wright

5

 

 

35.

Rufus Lee Wright

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* continued next page *


Lowndes County Georgia

List of Emigrants for Liberia

By Barque Jasper, From New York, November 21, 1872

 

No.

Name

Age

Occupation

Religion

 

 

 

 

 

36

David Wright

39

Farmer

Methodist

37.

Mary Wright

38

 

Methodist

38.

Samuel Wright

16

 

Methodist

39.

Richard Wright

15

 

 

40.

Thomas Wright

13

 

 

41.

Caroline Wright

11

 

 

42.

William Wright

9

 

 

43.

Andrew Wright

7

 

 

44.

Ellick Wright

5

 

 

45.

Fereby Wright

2

 

 

46.

Clarissa Wright

2mos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

47.

Fortune Lemmon

39

Farmer

Methodist

48.

Lucretia Lemmon

35

 

Methodist

49.

Silvia Lemmon

18

 

Methodist

50.

Abaraham Lemmon

16

 

 

51.

Jordan Lemmon

14

 

 

52.

Julia Lemmon

9

 

 

53.

David Lemmon

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

54.

Emeline Clemmon

36

 

Methodist

55.

Marshall S. Clemmon

15

 

 

56.

William Clemmon

8

 

 

57.

Daniel Clemmon

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

58.

Rachel Nelson

55

 

Methodist

59.

Eliza Nelson

16

 

Methodist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The people traveled to Savannah, direct from their homes in Lowndes County early Saturday Morning on November 16. On the same day they took the steamer, “San Salvador,” which arrived at New York on the night of the 20th. The next morning they were transferred by the government steamer “Henry Smith” to the “Jasper”. The “Jasper” left New York on Thursday November 21, 1872. The “Jasper” arrived at Monrovia on January 1, 1873 and the emigrants joined there friends and Family in the Liberian town of Arthington.

 

 

Source: The African Repository: Vol. XLVIII. December, 1872 (No. 12) pg.353-356